BioTeSys publiziert regelmäßig wissenschaftliche Artikel zu unterschiedlichen Themen aus dem Umfeld der Prüfung und wissenschaftlichen Absicherung von biologischen und chemischen Produkten.
Publikation: 01. März 2001
Cigarette smoke is widely believed to increase free radical concentrations causing subsequent oxidative processes that lead to DNA damage and hence, to several diseases including lung cancer and atherosclerosis. Vitamin C is a reducing agent that can terminate free-radical-driven oxidation by being converted to a resonance-stabilized free radical. To investigate whether short-term supplementation with the antioxidants vitamin C and E decreases free-radical-driven oxidation and thus decreases DNA damage in smokers, we determined the frequency of micronuclei in lymphocytes in 24 subjects and monitored the electron paramagnetic resonance signal of ascorbate free radical formation in plasma. Further parameters comprised sister-chromatid exchanges and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances.
Publikation: 06. April 2000
BC. Two days after supplementation with 5 microM BC in MbetaCD, cellular BC levels reached a maximum of 140+/-11 pmol/microg DNA, leveling off to 100+/-15 pmol/microg DNA until day 8. Incubation with BC dissolved in THF/DMSO resulted in a lower BC uptake of 105+/-14 pmol/microg DNA and 64+/-20 pmol/microg DNA respectively. No cytotoxic effects of these formulations were detected. The results show that the MbetaCD formulation is an improved method for investigations of carotenoids and other lipophilic compounds in in vitro test systems compared to methods using organic solvents.